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儿童医院神经外科

作者: 更新时间:2011-04-15 21:18

 
外科学的分支。在外科学基础上,研究人体神经系统(脑、脊髓和周围神经)及其附属机构(颅骨、脑膜、脑血管等)的损伤、炎症、肿瘤、畸形和某些功能紊乱疾患(如神经痛、癫痫等)的病因、发病原理、病理、症状、诊断与防治的理论和技术。神经外科是主治由于外伤导致的脑部、脊髓等神经系统的疾病,例如车祸致脑部外伤,或脑部有肿瘤压迫需手术治疗等; 
小儿神经外科是主治脑半球肿瘤、髓母细胞瘤、室管膜瘤、三脑室肿瘤、松果体肿瘤、颅咽管瘤、颅底肿瘤,以及髓内肿瘤、各种椎管内和脊柱肿瘤;包括先天性脑积水、脊髓和脊膜膨出、脊柱栓系综合症、小脑扁桃体下疝畸形、颅缝早闭、各种先天性颅颌面畸形。
神经外科常见耗材:纯钛颅骨锁、纯钛颅骨修补材料、修补钉、医用胶、止血纱布、医用透明质酸钠、骨蜡、开路钻钻头、硅胶引流管、脑室分流管、腹腔分流管
Surgery branch. In the surgery foundation, studies the human body nervous system (brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerve) and the affiliated organization (skull, meninx, blood vessel of brain and so on) the damage, the inflammation, the tumor, abnormal and certain function disorder illness trouble (for example neuralgia, epilepsy and so on) cause of disease, pathogenesis, pathology, symptom, diagnosis and prevention theory and technology. The neurosurgery department is mainly treats, because the flesh wound causes nervous system's and so on brain, spinal cord vigorous sickness, for example the traffic accident sends the brain flesh wound, or the brain has the tumor to oppress needs the surgery treatment and so on; the young child neurosurgery department is mainly treats the brain hemisphere tumor, the myeloblast lump, the ependyma lump, three ventricles of the brain tumors, the pineal body tumor, the craniopharyngioma, the skull bottom tumor, as well as in marrow in tumor, each kind of neurocanal and spinal column tumor; Including the congenital hydrocephalus, the spinal cord and the dura mater swollen, the spinal column hitch are the syndrome, under the cerebellum tonsil hernia are abnormal, the skull seam shuts, each kind of congenital skull jaw surface to be abnormal early. the neurosurgery department consumes the material common: The pure titanium skull locks, the pure titanium skull patching material, to repair the patch, the medical rubber, the hematischesis gauze, the medical hyaluric acid sodium, the bone wax, the opening to drill the drill bit, the silica gel drainage tube, the ventricles of the brain shunt valve, the abdominal cavity shunt valve

相关知识:

福建医科大学神经外科怎么样啊

在福建省算数一数二.
福建医大几个附属医院中神经外科最好的数附属协和医院和附属第一医院.
福建省两个神外研究室一个在协和,另一个则在附一.


神经外科问题

脑挫裂伤的病人随时都有生命危险的,估计还有脑干的损伤.要随时观察生命体征和瞳孔的变化.有没后遗症要看损伤的部位和程度.以下的资料可参考所有的患者均应入ICU监护,注意生命体征的变化,有条件的应行ICP监测。积极处理合并症,包括制止活动性出血、解除呼吸道梗阻、抗休克、胸腔闭式引流等。 原发性脑干损伤常合并脑挫裂伤或颅内血肿,若占位效应明显,或血肿量大于30ml,应尽早行血肿及坏死组织清除术,本组行手术治疗63例,我们的体会是手术指征可适当放宽,骨瓣可大些,对术前有脑疝或术中脑组织膨出明显者,均行去骨瓣减压,以缓解脑水肿,提高生存率。对不具备手术指征的患者也应做好随时手术的准备。

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